THE PRODUCTION OF TEMPERATE MUSHROOM (AGARICUS)

Raw materials:

Rice straw, 500 kg. (sugarcane bagasse, sugarcane leaves as substitutes)

Water

Chicken manure (dried), 15-25%

Urea, 1.5%

Ammonium sulfate, 2%

Lime, 4%

Calcium sulfate, 2-2.5%

Potash, 1.5-2.0% Equipment:

1.5m x 10m x 1m compost bed     
The Growing House 

 

 Procedure:

(1) Preparation of compost
     
Straw is filed on the compost bed and water is sprinkled as filing is being done until water overflows on the sides. The pile is turned every fourth day. Chicken manure and urea are added on the first turning and ammonium sulfate and 2% lime on the second turning. The lumps formed are broken during the fermentation. Calcium sulfate, potash and the remaining 2% lime is supplemented on the third and last turning. Composting is completed for 16-20 days, depending on the rate of fermentation. 

 

(2) Bedding-In 

 

The newly composted materials are placed on shelves to a thickness of 12-15 cm.inside the growing house. The growing house must be enclosed for 5 days to conserve heat and increase the temperature to 55-65° C. 

 

(3) Planting and Casing

 

One-half kg. spawns per square meter of the bed are planted. The beds are thencovered with 1.2 cm. soil that is obtained one (1) meter below the surface andpreviously mixed with 1% lime. The growing house is closed for two (2) weeks with occasional checking of spawn run. At a temperature of 17-22° C and a relative humidity of 85-90%, the first crop is harvested 20 days after casing. 

 

(4) Care and Management

To prevent the contamination of white mold (Monilla sp.), green molds (Penicillinsp.) and blue molds (Trichoderma), the following are employed:

a. Spot spray with Benlate at1 tbsp. per 1/3 galon of water.

b. Spray Azodrin to control millipedes.

c. Spray ferrous sulfate at 200 ppm concentration to induce uniform break or pinhead formation.
d. Spray with Fuxal, a liquid fertilizer at a concentration of 1,000 ppm after the break.
e. Spray with tap water when relative humidity becomes lowe than 75%.

 

 

Source:            ITDI (DOST)

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: